Principal Leadership, Teachers Competency, Teachers Motivation and Job Satisfaction: Implication on Teacher Performance (A Study on Vocational High Schools in West Java)
by: A Jajang W Mahri and M Arief Ramdhany (Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia)
Proceedings of 5th UPSI-UPI Conference on Education 2012
1st – 3rd October 2012 | Shah Alam | Malaysia
The vocational teachers in Indonesia have not been able to demonstrate the adequate work performance. This high and low teachers’ performance is predicted by variables that affect it, such as teacher competence, work motivation and job satisfaction, all of which are driven by the variable of principal’s leadership. This study used survey and verification research on 366 teachers using SEM analysis. The descriptive analysis indicates that: (a) task-oriented behavior is more prominent in the leadership of principals than relationship-oriented behavior, (b) Not all teachers have a standard of professional competence, (c) Not all teachers demonstrate aspects of the high valence and instrumentality in supporting their performance, (d) There is still a gap between the actual conditions of high employment and expectations about the job in supporting teachers’ performance, mainly due to the dissatisfaction of teachers with reward system, (e) The performance of teachers has not been fully demonstrated commitment to students and students’ learning, professional knowledge, teaching practice, leadership and school community, and continued professional learning. Results of verification analysis show that the principal’s leadership has a direct impact on teacher competence, work motivation, and job satisfaction. However, the principal’s leadership does not imply directly to the teachers’ performance, but through teacher competence, work motivation, and job satisfaction. In this way, the principal’s leadership may act more as a driver or enabler that allows an increase in competence, motivation and job satisfaction of teachers so that in turn it would improve performance of the teacher.
Keywords: Principal Leadership – Teacher Competency – Job Motivation – Job Satisfaction – Teacher’s Performance – Vocational Schools.